BlogInformationHow to select the right castor wheel

How to select the right castor wheel

How to select the right castor wheel

Selecting the right castor wheels can be a challenge...

There are many factors which should be considered to ensure the correct castors and wheels are chosen. Here are a few points you may wish to consider:

  • The total weight loading capacity required - preferably an even load (calculation below)
  • The likely impact of damage, e.g. being pushed on or off kerbs, if a wheel hits an obstacle at more than 20 degrees it can cause damage
  • The flooring condition, whether a solution will need to be hard wearing or run on a smooth surface, e.g trolley wheels
  • The industry application may affect your choice of duty, e.g. heavy duty castors would be required to carry a large loading capacity, industrial castors
  • The wheel type, as the harder the wheel, the lower the rolling resistance
  • The temperature of the environment the castor wheels will be expected to operate in, special purpose high temperature (Phenolic) wheels may be required
  • What weather or environment will be endured, it will have an effect, e.g. you may require stainless steel solutions
  • If being towed, the speed, distance and obstacles the solution will experience
  • Expected life cycle

Most industries require manoeuvrability of materials or products and reply on castor wheels to keep their factories working efficiently. You may also wish to consider tyred wheels, not hard tread wheels, if floor damage is present. Whether you are moving something frequently, rather than occasionally your purchasing criteria may be more price orientated. However, if the castor wheels are an important part of your daily operations, price would be a less important factor in comparison to the life expectancy and design of the castor wheels.

Whatever your reasons for purchasing, functionality should be at the heart of your decision.

Popular configurations, an advisory guide to selection:

  • 4 swivel castors - help with tight areas
  • 2 swivel and 2 fixed castors - ideal when steering in required
  • 2 swivel with directional locks and 2 swivel braked castors - good if controlled movement is required
  • 4 swivel and 2 centrally located fixed castors - often known as "rocking trolley" for tight work areas
  • 2 swivel and 2 swivel braked castors
  • 4 fixed and 2 located swivel castors

Here's a calculation you also might find useful when determining the castor wheel load capacity required:

Load capacity of castor = Weight of equipment + trolley ÷ 3


Contact us today if you require assistance selecting the right castor or wheel for you or your application.


- Atlas Handling (UK) Ltd - Easing the Load -

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